Site archéologique de Tholon

Historic site and monument
  • Site archéologique de Tholon
  • Site archéologique de Tholon
  • Site archéologique de Tholon
Site archéologique de TholonSite archéologique de TholonSite archéologique de Tholon


Remains of a Gallo-Roman conurbation, Maritima Avaticorum.
The Tholon site is located in the city of Martigues, on the western shore of the Etang de Berre, about 1500 m north of the Caronte Channel and the Ile district, the historic center of the city.

Since 1998, research carried out by archaeologists from the town of Martigues in Tholon has explored or unearthed numerous remains and buildings buried in the ground or immersed in the Berre pond. This work now makes it possible to reconstruct the main stages of the occupation of one of the major sites in the history and heritage of Martigues.
There are the remains of a vast Gallo-Roman agglomeration (Maritima Avaticorum), the very leveled ruins of a 13th century chapel (known as Sainte-Trinité de Tholon), several buildings and facilities, built between the 15th and 20th centuries. century.

Occupied between the beginning of the 1st century BC. J-C. and the fourth century AD. J-C, Maritima is structured in islands of linear dwellings. They are served by a regular network of tracks, which intersect at right angles. The city is bordered to the west by the road linking in antiquity, Martigues and Salon-de-Provence. Research carried out by underwater archaeologists showed that part of the structures of the ancient city currently lay under the body of water in the pond.

The site of Tholon is also remarkable for the presence on the shore of the pond of several hydraulic constructions from the modern and contemporary periods (15th-20th centuries).

In the southern part of the site, the excavations brought to light the remains of a washhouse in its various facets: facades, floors and roofs in cut stone, cobblestone cobblestones, ceramic or cast iron supply pipes, pumping, gallery and buried cisterns. The work consists of two vaulted cisterns, built side by side on the site of a source of fresh water flowing in abundance all year round.

Further north, there are the remains of a second spring which has been fitted out in a more modest way; the Arch fountain. Installed on the very edge of the pond, it also consists of two vaulted reservoirs in which several openings allowed the drawing of water. The building of this fountain, reputed to be inexhaustible, housed a pump system upstairs supplying a small aqueduct which served the Tholon wash house.
  • categories :
    • Town of Art & History
General information
  • Parking :
    • Parking nearby
  • Environments :
    • Town outskirts
  • Style :
    • Ancient
Services, Tours, Activities and entertainment
  • Environments :
    • Close to a public transportation
    • Lakeside or by stretch of water
    • Close to GR footpath
  • Historical patrimony :
    • Historic patrimony
    • Archeological site
    • Wash house
Site archéologique de Tholon
Allée des Lavandières
Boulevard De Tholon
mail / message
Phone : +33 4 42 49 03 30
Fields with an asterisk * must not be left blank
My request
Your Contact Details
In accordance with Law No. 78-17 of 6 January 1978 of the National Committee for Information Technology and Civil Liberties (CNIL) with regard to computing, files and liberties (article 36), the interested party is entitled to ask for his/her personal information to be rectified, completed, clarified, updated or deleted if it is inaccurate, incomplete, ambiguous, elapsed or in respect of which it is forbidden to use, disseminate or store said information. Should you wish to exercise this right, please specify the fact in the form above.


Free access.
Site archéologique de Tholon
Allée des Lavandières
Boulevard De Tholon
GPS coordinates
Latitude : 43.420467
Longitude : 5.060888